Wrinkles are a natural part of aging, as our skin gets thinner, less elastic and dryer. As our skin loses its flexibility, it becomes more difficult for our face to spring back from smiling, frowning, and other facial expressions, resulting in more permanent grooves.
Decreased levels of moisture in our skin plays a major role in developing wrinkles, particularly micro-wrinkles at the surface which can become much deeper, larger and more visible. These can result from a variety of actions and conditions.
Sun damage, caused by excess exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light, is a cause of wrinkles we can control. If you don’t avoid excessive sun exposure, UV light breaks down the collagen and elastin fibers, skin starts to droop, and wrinkles appear.
You should know that smoking accelerates the skin’s aging process, because of the reduced blood supply to the skin. Alcohol dehydrates the skin, making it more likely to wrinkle.
After wrinkles appear, you have many treatment options. Creams vary considerably in active ingredients and accordingly, in effectiveness. Soft tissue fillers are injected into deeper wrinkles, to add volume. Dermabrasion is a surgical procedure that wears away the skin’s upper layers. Laser and radiofrequency treatments destroy the outer layer of skin with a laser beam, while the underlying skin is heated to stimulate development of new collagen fibers. A chemical peel applies a solution to wrinkly areas, causing dead skin to eventually peel off. A facelift (rhytidectomy) removes excess facial skin and fat, with or without tightening the underlying tissues.